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French Drain

French Drain
French Drain Installation

If you suffer from poor lawn drainage, then perhaps your yard needs a French Drain.  We will discuss what a french drain is and how to install one. If at the end of this you find it too difficult then Tyler Sprinkler will be more than happy to rid your yard of water with one of these awesome french drains.   

What is it?

Before going into any detail about the planning and construction of a French drain system, there should be a definition of what a French drain system is. A French drain once installed will be on a downward sloping ditch.  The ditch is filled with rocks or gravel and a PVC pipe that channels water from a location where you don’t want it to go anywhere else.

The drain includes:

  • A 12-inch long trench and 18-inch to 24-inch deep trench.
  • A rubber drainpipe perforated 4 inches in diameter.
  • Drainage gravel cleaned.
  • The porous structure of the landscape.

There are websites that provide a calculator to help you determine how much gravel should be used in your local drain. To collect the extra water, the drainpipe is needed. In order to prevent silt and roots from entering the drainpipe, the landscape fabric is present.

Planning a French drain 

Although it’s not a difficult undertaking to create a French drain, you need to plan the project before you begin.

The first thing you need to do is consult with local authorities and find out if you need a permit on your property to carry out excavation work. Ask the local utility company to send a representative on your property to identify the path of their facilities.

Tyler Drainage System

First, identify the best spot for the drain. 

The idea of a French drain is to trap and funnel the excess water at a high point. And find an area that fits this topography in your lawn. Experts say the drain needs a 1% downward slope.

Some calculations may have to be done to ensure that a 1 percent slope is the position you pick. Use two wooden stakes, a line level, and twine, you can employ a surveyor to verify this or you can do it yourself and conduct the calculation as follows: 

  • 1. Drive one stake into your lawn and tie it to the top end of the drain.
  • 2. Place a stake where the drain’s bottom end will be and attach the string to it loosely.
  • 3. Use the string level to scale it. To achieve the correct level, change the string as needed. Once the level is reached, firmly tie the thread.

4. Measure the pendulum. For every 100 feet of its length, the drain must slope one foot. When set, push the string the correct amount on the slower stake and then act as a reference to the correct level.

Experts who have constructed these ditches advise you to also consider placing the trench along the edge of your property where it would be fairly easy to dig. Make sure the trench route does not run through a lawn area frequently used by family members or where it may affect a planned home improvement.

Building with gravel the French drain system French Drain.

French gravel drain.  Then comes the project’s most challenging aspect–constructing the drain. A gap should certainly be dug. Using a shovel, you can dig it yourself; lease a trenching tool that is a walk-behind trenching device that can be used to cut up to 18-inch deep and24-inch long, or you can employ a backhoe and operator that can easily dig a deep and wide trench. It costs between $125 to $200 a day to lease a trenching machine. Backhoe and driver recruitment costs range from $300 to $1,500.

Here are the drain building instructions:· 

  • Dig the trench.
  • Fill the trench to the surface of the landscape. The fabric must be sufficiently large to stretch on both sides beyond the edge of the trench around one foot. Pin the extra fabric temporarily in place with nails or pins of landscape material.
  • Pour into the trench two to three inches of gravel.
  • Lay the drain pipe facing down the drain holes.
  • Fill the drainpipe up to the top of the trench with dirt.
  • Fold the extra gravel fabric in the landscape.
  • Spread the soil over the cloth and spread the seeds of grass or sod.

When do I need Septic Companies Near Me

Septic Companies Near Me
Conroe Septic Pumping

A septic system is very important and comes with plenty of advantages.  Not only is a home septic system a cost-effective option, but when properly installed and maintained, it is also environmentally friendly.  It will help improve water quality. Most homeowners choose to install a septic system for these purposes instead of depending on their municipal sewer system. Sometimes looking for septic companies near me will uncover system installers in more rural areas.

But before choosing the right septic system for your house, what exactly do you need to know? You should know that there is more than one form of septic system before we get to the basics. 

Conventional Septic Systems

Which Septic Tank size do you need?

Considerations to determine your septic system size include the square footage of your home, family size, and how much water you normally use. Usually, modern residential septic tanks range in size from 750 to 1,250 gallons, with a 1,000-gallon tank being the norm for a home of up to 2,500 square feet with three bedrooms.

Septic Companies Near Me
Septic Systems Conroe Texas

What kind of material is your septic system made out of?

For residential septic tanks, cement, polyethylene (plastic), and fiberglass are usually the materials chosen. Concrete tanks weigh significantly more and will require the installation of more heavy-duty machinery. Polyethylene or fiberglass tanks are easier to install and are generally lighter. Discussing local codes and regulations with a septic system specialist like Conroe Septic Pumping can help you be sure you select the right system.

What size should your Drainfield be?

Not all disposal of sewage takes place within the septic tank itself. In a conventional residential septic system, the drain field (also known as the leach field) performs more than half the job.

Like your septic tank, the drain field size will depend on your home’s square footage, your family size, and how much water you normally use. Soil quality, however, is just as significant. If the soil’s condition is good and it percolates well, a ballpark estimate is around 4,500 square feet for your drain field area.

There should also be no large trees, buildings or driveways in the area where your drain field will be built. It’s important to look for potential land restrictions, you will need to check local zoning rules.

Do you need to perform a soil test?

Yes, because your yard’s soil quality determines how well the septic effluent (the liquid waste from the tank being disposed of in the drain field) will be absorbed. It is essential that your soil is highly absorbent because of the drain field functions as a giant soil filter.

Sandy, undisturbed soil is the best type of soil to install your septic system and drain field. Try to avoid thick clay or bedrock areas that may stop the flow of water. Keep away from hard, gravelly soil that can drain too quickly. A percolation test will help you determine your soil’s condition. 

Septic systems can be complex.  Feel free to inquire from the septic experts.  You can always search for Septic Companies Near Me in any search engine to locate a septic specialist to help you with these questions further. 

How To Tell If Your Aerobic Septic System Is Full

Aerobic Septic System
Spring Septic

A septic system offers an effective way to manage sewage at your home if you keep your system maintained. Septic systems need to be pumped periodically to function properly, and many people are unsure when this is supposed to be done.  Factors like the size of your Aerobic Septic System and the number of people in your household will impact how often you need septic tank pumping.

Factors to Increase or Decrease the amount of time between Septic Pumping

  • The number of people in your household
  • The amount of water used in your house 
  • The number of solids in the sewage 
  • The size of the septic tank

All these factors can lead to the build-up of scum in your system. Septic Sludge is the build-up of these solids that fall and rest on your septic tank’s rim. They need to be pumped to keep the tank running properly once they reach a high point.

If not pumped regularly, scum can make it into your drain field and out of your tank. Then you will be charged extra fees on your next septic pumping. This also results in your drain field functioning poorly. Scum and sludge in your drain field will eventually destroy your entire drain field permanently. This will cost you a lot more than maintaining your system correctly.

After evaluating your Aerobic Septic System of all these variables and examining scum rates, a trained and approved inspection service should be able to determine whether or not your tank needs to be pumped.  

Keep in mind:  Even if you have no problems with your septic system, you should still have it inspected and pumped about every three to five years. Even more frequent inspections may be required for systems using electrical or mechanical components.

Your system might have a lot of problems that might go unnoticed until it’s too late. For example, your system may be sufficiently full to gradually release scum into your drain field, but not sufficiently full to back up to your home or cause pooling water.

Septic System
Spring Septic Systems

The average interval between septic system inspections is three to five years, but during this period your tank may still be full. Therefore, you must have a way to independently inspect the device, and adding risers around the tank is one way you can use it. These devices give you an easy way to check the tank’s inside. When you open the lid and find the accumulation of large amounts of solids, you must call a professional service to clean the unit.

The sludge rate that is present is another warning sign that you can find in your tank. The tank must be drained once this liquid comes within a foot of the outlet tee. One warning that your machine is on the verge of backing up is a scum surface that reaches six inches below the outlet tee.

Leaking pipes or pooling water 

An indication of a congested process may also be the area around the septic tank. In your land, there are pipes that lead to the tank and as the system starts to clog, water and waste will begin to flow from the pipes and create puddles around the tank base.

Increased water levels could impact the vegetation around your tank by growing it. In other areas of your yard, grass that appears greener and healthier is a sign that your tank is at capacity and needs immediate pumping to prevent damage to the drain field.

You can also find septic pipes in your house. You can examine them with a flashlight to see if they start to spring leaks.  All components connected to the septic system can display signs when the tank is at full capacity.

In general, toilets should be tested for any irregular flushing or operational problems. If the toilet responds slowly when you flush it then the septic system may be too full.

If your sink or shower drains slowly, it can be a warning that your septic tank is full and does not drain water at a normal rate. 

You should also investigate all draining pipes coming out of your home to be sure there are no leaks.  Also all important areas to inspect are washing machine tubes, dishwasher pipes, and sinks. Pipes that take a long time to drain water are warnings from a septic tank that is full or maybe even clogged.

Often, if overlooked, it’s not unusual for waste to start backing up through your slow draining pipes and fill your home with a foul smell and finally solid waste in your sinks, tubs, and other inlets.   This would be the worst-case scenario, and you must immediately contact a professional service like Spring Septic.

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